The economic or resource dimension of self-determination, the right to freely dispose of its own natural wealth and resources, is of crucial importance to indigenous peoples. The issue of land and resource rights is the most important question for the minority of the world’s indigenous peoples. They regard their land and resources rights as being an integral part of their right to self-determination.
The economic or resource dimension of the right of self-determination is emphasized in common paragraph 2 of Article 1 of the Covenants:
“All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefits, and international law. In no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.”